What is 3D Functional Rehabilitation?

3-D Functional Rehabilitation comprises two key components. The first is three-dimensional movements of the body. The second is the concept of functional rehabilitation. Incorporating both of these components is critical to returning to the activity or sport that you love.

Your body can be divided in half by three different methods. These are:
  • Left-to-Right, or Sagittal Plane. When you swing your arm forward in
     front of you, you are primarily moving your arm in the Sagittal Plane of
     motion. Other examples include nodding your head "yes;" or bending   
     your knee backwards and forwards
  • Front-to-Back, or Frontal Plane. When you move your arm out to side
     as if you were doing a portion of Jumping Jack, then you are moving
     your arm primarily in the Frontal Plane of motion. Another example
     include moving your leg sideways as if you were doing a Snow Angel.

  • Top-to-Bottom, or Transverse. When you turn your torso to the left side
     or right side your body is moving primarily in the Transverse Plane of
     motion. Other examples include shaking your head "no;" or rolling your
     leg in and out.

Our body does not operate in any one plane of motion exclusively. All of our joints operate in motions that are a combination of these various planes. Therefore a rehabilitation program is not complete unless your body is rehabbed in various combination of planes of motion.

The notion of Functional Rehabilitation can be described as getting you back to doing the things that you need to do and love to do. For example, in order to get back to playing soccer, part of your rehabilitation, early and late phases, should include motions and activities that directly relate to playing soccer. Continuing with this example, after undergoing knee surgery a soccer player should begin as soon as safely possible activities standing, then walking, then running, etc. Not all of their rehabilitation should occur doing exercises on a table or utilizing machines. When your body strengthens its bones, muscles, and ligaments, it follows the SAID principle. This is an acronym for:
  • Specific
  • Adaptation to
  • Imposed
  • Demand

Returning to the soccer player, in order to get strong enough to kick a soccer ball a long distance, part or their rehabilitation needs to include kicking a soccer ball. Short kicks to begin, longer later once more strength is gained. With this type of activity your body will recognize the stress being placed on the its parts and strengthen the necessary regions. If the soccer player is sitting and resting for a prolonged period of time after a knee injury, then his/her body will only heal to this level of activity. Their body will likely not be ready to return to their sport in a timely fashion.

Therefore 3-D Functional Rehabilitation incorporates both of these concepts. First, moving the body in multiple planes of motion. But also moving a way that will guide the body back to the activities that the patient needs or wants to do. Once your physician gives a referral for therapy, please feel free to call Lafayette Rehabilitations Services at 447.5552.